sábado, 30 de março de 2019

Jesus: sua vida

>> Texto atualizado em 21.04.2019 - 21h00

Artigos sobre Jesus: His Life [Jesus: sua vida] série em oito capítulos do canal History que começou em 25.03.2019. Em português a série tem o título de Eu conheci Jesus e está no History de 18 a 21 de abril.

Esta série segue em grande parte as apresentações de Jesus feitas pelos quatro evangelhos canônicos, embora os situe no contexto da Palestina do século I sob o Império Romano. Ao fazê-lo, segue a visão mais suave da historiografia neotestamentária iniciada por James Dunn em Jesus Remembered, explica Paul N. Anderson.

One of the impressive features of the series is the fact of its intentional hybridity. While megachurch pastor Joel Osteen served as the Executive Producer of the series, the contributions of such first-rate biblical scholars as Robert Cargill, Mark Goodacre, Nicola Denzey Lewis, and Michael Peppard give this series a robust reasoned gravitas, including also the pastoral insights of such ministerial standouts as Pastor Susan Parks, Reverend Otis Moss, III, Father James Martin, SJ, and Bishop Michael Curry. The hybridity works well, and the making of meaning is well founded, based upon solid historical-critical research and inferences. 

Jesus: His Life - Eu conheci Jesus


:: “Jesus: His Life—Perspectives of Joseph and John the Baptist” - By Paul N. Anderson: The Bible and Interpretation - March 2019

As the calendar approaches Easter, made-for-television movies and documentaries appear on the History Channel, CNN, the National Geographic Channel, and other venues; and, why not? Christianity is the largest religion in the world, and there’s a great deal of interest within society at large, as well as among the believing faithful. As Robert Cargill points out in the introit to Jesus: His Life, “The Story of Jesus is the greatest story ever told.” Or, as Ben Witherington III notes, “If we want to understand western civilization at all, we must understand the story of Jesus.” In that sense, this eight-part series on Jesus and his life is of interest both to believers and others, and the series produced by Nutopia for the History Channel the four Monday evenings before Easter is certainly worth taking in. As the series claims for itself, “Jesus: His Life” explores the story of Jesus Christ through a unique lens: the people in his life who were closest to him. Each of the eight chapters is told from the perspective of different biblical figures, all of whom played a pivotal role in Jesus’ life including Joseph, John the Baptist, Mary Mother of Jesus, Caiaphas, Judas Iscariot, Pontius Pilate, Mary Magdalene and Peter.

Leia os artigos de Paul N. Anderson:

"Jesus: His Life—Perspectives of Joseph and John the Baptist” (Pt. 1)

"Jesus: His Life from the Perspectives of Mary and Caiaphas" (Pt. 2)

“Jesus: His Life from the Perspectives of Judas and Pilate” (Pt. 3)

 “Jesus: His Life from the Perspectives of Mary Magdalene and the Apostle Peter” (Pt.4)



:: ''Jesus, sua vida'': série televisiva apresenta novo olhar sobre o personagem mais estudado do mundo -  Por John Anderson: IHU On-Line - 25 Março 2019

Há apenas uma narrativa que pode reivindicar ser “a maior história já contada”, e nós ouvimos essa frase – imediata e talvez previsivelmente – no início de “Jesus: His Life” [Jesus: sua vida], a série de oito capítulos do canal History [dos Estados Unidos], que começa nesta segunda-feira, 25 de março. Quem pode discordar disso? Bem, algumas das pessoas que aparecem no programa. O comentário é de John Anderson, crítico de televisão do The Wall Street Journal e colaborador do The New York Times, em artigo publicado em America, 22-03-2019. Grande parte dessa série ambiciosa, produzida pelo estúdio Nutopia, com sede no Reino Unido (“Finding Jesus”, “Civilizations”), segue a estética estabelecida do canal History: encenações dramáticas que ninguém jamais confundirá com a obra de Cecil B. DeMille e uma trilha sonora que se intensifica e enfurece como um Mar Vermelho furioso. Mas há também uma integridade intelectual em ação e uma estrutura que proporciona um novo modo de ver a vida mais estudada do mundo.


:: ‘Jesus: His Life’: a fresh take on the world’s most studied character - By John Anderson: America - March 22, 2019

There is only one narrative that can lay claim to being “the greatest story ever told” and we hear that very phrase, immediately and perhaps predictably, at the beginning of “Jesus: His Life,” the eight-part History series beginning on Monday, March 25. Who can argue? Well, as it happens, some of the people who appear in the show. Much about this ambitious series, produced by the U.K.-based Nutopia studio (“Finding Jesus,” “Civilisations”), hews to the established History aesthetic: Dramatic re-enactments that no one will ever confuse with the work of Cecil B. DeMille and background music that roils and swells like an angry Red Sea. But there is also an intellectual integrity at work, and a structure that provides a fresh way of looking at the world’s already most studied life.


Andei lendo outras coisas que encontrei em simples busca no Google por "Jesus his life review". Dizem, por exemplo:

According to History, the project represents an effort to tell Jesus' story "in a new way." Yet "Jesus: His Life" basically feels like a classic example of one of Hollywood's most familiar pursuits -- namely, merely serving old wine in a new bottle (Brian Lowry, CNN)

But the History Channel isn’t just out to inspire the faithful: It aims to entertain the masses, too. And as such, the story of Jesus’ life can sometimes take on a more breathless, action-packed aura than the biblical accounts strictly call for. The raw emotions we see here would feel more at home in a CW soap than a sober examination of history (Paul Asay, Plugged In)


Sem esquecer os alertas de Jim West. Por exemplo:

Another ‘Jesus’ Special By the History Channel… Scheduled for March

Don’t Get Your Historical Info About Biblical Stuff From the History Channel or BAR…

The Disinformation Campaign of the History Channel

sexta-feira, 29 de março de 2019

Notícias interessantes de arqueologia e outros assuntos

Três artigos sobre uma escavação arqueológica na Palestina

::  More on the Sharafat excavation - By Jim Davila: PaleoJudaica -  March 29, 2019

Archaeologists Find Tomb of the Richest of the Rich in Second Temple-era Jerusalem. The Jewish villagers seem to have done very well for themselves from exporting olive oil and wine 2,000 years ago, though what they did with their pigeons is anyone's guess.


:: Large Hasmonean-era agricultural village found under Jerusalem Arab neighborhood - By Amanda Borschel-Dan: The Times of Israel - 27 March 2019

Impressive, multi-generation burial chamber and large dovecote point to well-heeled settlement in rural area, near today’s Biblical Zoo.


:: Impressive Jewish artifacts found in Arab neighborhood of Jerusalem - By Ben Bresky: The Jerusalem Post - March 28, 2019

2,000-year-old olive and wine presses, a burial cave and mikvah from the descendants of the Maccabees were found in south Jerusalem neighborhood.


Esta notícia é sobre microrganismos no Mar Morto


:: Ancient Microbes Ate Each Other's Corpses to Survive Beneath the Dead Sea - By Brandon Specktor: Live Science - March 26, 2019

On its salty surface, the Dead Sea is famous for making giddy tourists float like beach balls. Hundreds of feet below the water, however, life is a little less fun. There, choked by some of the saltiest water on Earth, single-celled microorganisms called archaea struggle to carry out life's basic functions without oxygen, light or fresh forms of sustenance. According to a new study published March 22 in the journal Geology, the survival of microbial life beneath the Dead Sea may have once even depended on eating the dead.


Enquanto esta é sobre manuscritos

:: Cambridge University and Vatican manuscripts made public online - BBC News - 28 March 2019

Hundreds of medieval Greek manuscripts held by Cambridge and Heidelberg universities and the Vatican are to be made available to the public online. The £1.6m project will digitise more than 800 volumes featuring the works of Plato and Aristotle, among others. The manuscripts date from the early Christian period to the early modern era (about 1500 - 1700 AD). Cambridge University said the two-year project would open up "some of the most important manuscripts" to the world. Works set to be digitised include "classical texts and some of the most important treatises on religion, mathematics, history, drama and philosophy", a university spokesman said. The manuscripts are currently held at the university library, 12 of its colleges, the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, Heidelberg University Library in Germany and the Vatican Library in Rome.

terça-feira, 26 de março de 2019

Lista de livros do Projeto ICI da SBL em 2019

Quem ainda não conhece o Projeto ICI da SBL, leia meu post de 12 de novembro de 2010: Download de livros de Bíblia no Projeto ICI da SBL.

Onde também está o link para o download dos livros.

Aqui só quero anotar que há, hoje, na página do Projeto ICI quase 650 livros gratuitos, em pdf, disponíveis para download.

E são obras de publicação recente e temas relevantes para os estudos bíblicos.

Por exemplo, livros publicados em:
2017 - 28
2016 - 31
2015 - 30
2014 - 33
2013 - 54
2012 - 58
2011 - 50
2010 - 44

Confira.


Para quem gosta de ler: Stadtbibliothek am Mailänder Platz - Biblioteca Municipal de Stuttgart, Alemanha

Para que não se esqueça, para que nunca mais aconteça

Para que não se esqueça, para que nunca mais aconteça (Dom Paulo Evaristo Arns)

Brasil: Nunca Mais

:: 1964: leituras

:: 1964: mais leituras

:: Projeto Brasil Nunca Mais está na Internet

:: Relatório final da CNV está na Internet

:: Livros sobre o golpe de 1964 e a ditadura no Brasil

:: Brasil: Nunca Mais

terça-feira, 19 de março de 2019

Considerar humanos e não humanos como sujeitos de direitos

Em linhas gerais, o veganismo consiste num projeto epistemológico, político e individual que tem como objetivo principal a reivindicação de que a vida de humanos e animais seja igualmente protegida e considerada como inviolável. Ou seja, reivindica-se que assim como os humanos os animais também sejam sujeitos de direitos (Ana Paula Perrota).


Veganismo. Por uma outra relação com a vida no e do planeta - Revista IHU On-Line 532 - 18 Março 2019

Veganismo. Por uma outra relação com a vida no e do planeta - Revista IHU On-Line 532 - 18 Março 2019

O ex-Beatle Paul McCartney cunhou uma frase que se tornou célebre ao afirmar que, se os matadouros tivessem vidros em vez de paredes, as pessoas não comeriam carne. Muitos adeptos do veganismo acolhem essa como uma afirmação para indicar a violência que envolve os abates. Entretanto, ser vegano é mais do que não comer carne em razão da forma como os animais são mortos, é uma recusa a todo o sofrimento a que os animais são sujeitados não somente para a produção de comida, mas para qualquer bem de consumo. É também não humanizar os bichos, respeitando-os como parte de um projeto comum.

A revista IHU On-Line debate o tema nesta edição com especialistas de diversas áreas do conhecimento.

Leia Mais:
Cada dia mais pessoas acreditam que os animais importam tanto como seres humanos

A ortopraxia supera a ortodoxia: Francisco, seis anos depois

O foco de Francisco na mensagem simples do Evangelho é bastante ameaçador para aqueles católicos que confundem teologia com fé. A teologia é o modo como explicamos a fé para nós e para os outros... Francisco está preocupado sobretudo com o modo como vivemos a fé, mais do que como a explicamos. A ortopraxia supera a ortodoxia.


Francisco, seis anos depois: que há de bom, de mau e de misericordioso. Artigo de Thomas Reese - IHU On-Line - 14 Março 2019

Há seis anos, no dia 13 de março, o Colégio dos Cardeais surpreendeu o mundo com a eleição do jesuíta argentino Jorge Bergoglio como papa. Assumindo o nome de Francisco, ele conquistou a admiração e o respeito de católicos e não católicos com sua simplicidade e preocupação com os pobres e marginalizados. A cada ano que passa, porém, as críticas ao papa se tornam mais expressivas, especialmente por parte da direita católica, que pensa que ele está rompendo com o ensino tradicional da Igreja, e da direita política, que não gosta das suas opiniões sobre o aquecimento global, a imigração e a justiça social. Francisco também tem sido incapaz de satisfazer aqueles que dizem que a resposta da hierarquia católica aos abusos sexuais do clero foi inadequada. Eu sou um grande fã de Francisco, em parte porque eu acho que qualquer avaliação dos seus primeiros seis anos como papa mostra que suas conquistas superam as suas falhas.

O comentário é do jesuíta estadunidense Thomas J. Reese, ex-editor-chefe da revista America, dos jesuítas dos Estados Unidos, de 1998 a 2005.


The good, the bad and the merciful: Pope Francis after six years - By  Thomas J. Reese - Religion News Service - March 12, 2019

Six years ago, on March 13, the College of Cardinals surprised the world with the election of the Argentine Jesuit Jorge Bergoglio as pope. Taking the name Francis, he won the admiration and respect of Catholics and non-Catholics alike with his simplicity and concern for the poor and marginalized. With each passing year, however, criticism of the pope has become more vocal, especially from the Catholic right, who think he is breaking with traditional church teaching, and the political right, who don’t like his views on global warming, immigration and social justice. Francis has also been unable to satisfy those who say the Catholic hierarchy’s response to the clergy sex abuse crisis has been inadequate. I am a big fan of Pope Francis, in part because I think that any evaluation of his first six years as pope shows that his accomplishments outweigh his failings.

Leia Mais:
Francisco no Observatório Bíblico

segunda-feira, 11 de março de 2019

Livro de Israel Finkelstein sobre Esdras, Neemias e Crônicas

FINKELSTEIN, I. Hasmonean Realities behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018, 222 p. - ISBN 9780884143079.

FINKELSTEIN, I. Hasmonean Realities behind Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2018, 222 p.
 
In this collection of essays, Israel Finkelstein deals with key topics in Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and 2 Chronicles, such as the list of returnees, the construction of the city wall of Jerusalem, the adversaries of Nehemiah, the tribal genealogies, and the territorial expansion of Judah in 2 Chronicles. Finkelstein argues that the geographical and historical realities cached behind at least parts of these books fit the Hasmonean period in the late second century BCE. Seven previously published essays are supplemented by maps, updates to the archaeological material, and references to recent publications on the topics.

Entre 2008 e 2015 Israel Finkelstein publicou 7 artigos nos quais abordou textos dos livros de Esdras, Neemias e 1 e 2 Crônicas. Estes textos falam da lista dos que voltaram do exílio babilônico, da construção das muralhas de Jerusalém, dos adversários de Neemias, das genealogias tribais e da expansão territorial de Judá. Finkelstein argumenta que a realidade geográfica e histórica que aparece em pelo menos parte desses livros aponta para a época dos Macabeus, no final do século II a.C. Reunidos neste livros, os sete ensaios são complementados por mapas, material arqueológico atualizado e referências a publicações recentes sobre os tópicos tratados.


Introduction
Over the last decade, I published seven articles concerning texts in the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles. They deal with the construction of Jerusalem’s city wall, described in Neh 3; the lists of returnees in Ezra 2:1–67 and Neh 7:6–68; the adversaries of Nehemiah; the genealogies in 1 Chr 2–9; the towns fortified by Rehoboam according to 2 Chr 11:5–12; and the unparallel accounts in 2 Chronicles that relate the expansion of Judah. An additional article gives an overview of the territorial extent of Yehud/Judea in the Persian and Hellenistic periods.


1. Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah
Knowledge of the archaeology of Jerusalem in the Persian (and early Hellenistic) period—the size of the settlement and whether it was fortified—is crucial to understanding the history of the province of Yehud, the reality behind the book of Nehemiah, and the process of compilation and redaction of certain biblical texts. It is therefore essential to look at the finds free of preconceptions (which may stem from the account in the book of Nehemiah) and only then attempt to merge archaeology and text.


2. Archaeology and the List of Returnees in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
In the first chapter I questioned Neh 3’s description of the construction of the Jerusalem wall in the light of the archaeology of Jerusalem in the Persian period. The finds indicate that the settlement was small and poor. It covered an area of circa 2–2.5 hectares and was inhabited by four hundred–five hundred people. The archaeology of Jerusalem shows no evidence for construction of a wall in the Persian period or renovation of the ruined Iron II city wall. I concluded with three alternatives for understanding the discrepancy between the biblical text and the archaeological finds...


3. The Territorial Extent and Demography of Yehud/Judea in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods
The territorial extent of Persian-period Yehud and Hellenistic Judea and estimates of their population are major issues in current research, with far-reaching implications for dating the composition of several biblical works. Recent research on the Yehud seal impressions and my own work on geographical lists in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah raise new questions and call for a fresh treatment of both issues.


4. Nehemiah’s Adversaries
In chapters 1 and 2, I proposed to identify the geographical, archaeological, and historical realities behind the list of builders of the wall in Neh 3:1–32 and the list of returnees in Neh 7:6–68 (and Ezra 2:1–67) in Hasmonean times. Placing the Neh 3 list in the Hellenistic period should not affect the dating of the Nehemiah Memoir—the backbone of the book. Construction of the wall is a major theme in the Nehemiah Memoir. The reality behind it may be sought in work conducted on the original mound of Jerusalem, which was located on the Temple...


5. The Historical Reality behind the Genealogical Lists in 1 Chronicles
The genealogical lists of “the sons of Israel” in 1 Chr 2–9 have been the focus of intensive research from the beginning of modern biblical scholarship. Among other topics, research has centered on the origin of the lists, their purpose, their relationship to other parts of the books of Chronicles and their date. Most scholars agree that the genealogical lists form an independent block, a kind of introduction to history; opinions differ, however, on whether the lists belong to the work of the Chronicler or if they were added after the main substance of the book had already been...


6. Rehoboam’s Fortified Cities (2 Chr 11:5–12)
A list of cities ostensibly fortified by Rehoboam appears in 2 Chr 11:5–12, with no parallel in the book of Kings. Many scholars have dealt with this short account, in efforts to establish its date, geographical setting, and place in the Chronicler’s description of the reign of Rehoboam. Regarding chronology, researchers have suggested dating the list to the time of Rehoboam, as related in the text, or to a later date in the history of Judah: the days of Hezekiah or Josiah. Regarding the geographical background, scholars have attempted to understand the function of the towns mentioned in the...


7. The Expansion of Judah in 2 Chronicles
The land of Israel and territorial gains and losses are major themes in Chronicles. The period of David and Solomon is conceived as the ideal rule of Jerusalem over the entire area inhabited by the Hebrews. After the “division” of the monarchy, 2 Chronicles pays much attention to the gradual territorial growth of Judah, aimed at restoring Jerusalem’s rule over the entire land of Israel. This expansion—undertaken during the reign of a few monarchs—is described in several sections that do not appear in the books of Kings. Scholars have been divided on the historical reliability of these “unparallel”...


Conclusions
The geographical setting portrayed by the texts discussed in this book and the archaeology of the sites mentioned in them reflect realities in the second half of the second century BCE—in Hasmonean times. The literary genre of these materials and the ideology behind them also fit Hasmonean literature. The main conclusions of the seven chapters are as follows. Nehemiah’s Wall: There are no Persian or early Hellenistic fortifications in Jerusalem to fit the Neh 3 description of a city wall with numerous gates and towers surrounding a large city. Furthermore, the depleted population of Yehud could not have supported...

Israel Finkelstein

The original articles included in this book are listed below in the order in which they appear here:

“Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah.” JSOT 32 (2008): 501–20.

“Archaeology of the List of Returnees in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah.” PEQ 140 (2008): 7–16.

“The Territorial Extent and Demography of Yehud/Judea in thePersian and Early Hellenistic Periods.” RB 117 (2010): 39–54.

“Nehemiah’s Adversaries: A Hasmonaean Reality?” Transeu 47(2015): 47–55.

“The Historical Reality behind the Genealogical Lists in 1 Chronicles.” JBL 131 (2012): 65–83.

“Rehoboam’s Fortified Cities (II Chr 11, 5–12): A Hasmonean Reality?” ZAW 123 (2011): 92–107.

“The Expansion of Judah in II Chronicles: Territorial Legitimation for the Hasmoneans?” ZAW 127 (2015): 669–95.


Israel Finkelstein trata do mesmo assunto em um seminário, em setembro de 2018, na Faculdade Teológica de Zurique, Suíça. Disponível em vídeo, com legendas em inglês:

Hasmonean Realities behind Ezra, Nehemiah and Chronicles? The Archeological Perspective - Seminar von Prof. Dr. Israel Finkelstein an der Theologischen Fakultät Zürich. 13. September 2018.

Leia Mais:
Israel Finkelstein na Ayrton's Biblical Page e no Observatório Bíblico

segunda-feira, 4 de março de 2019

Seminário do PIB para professores de Bíblia 2019 em vídeo

Sobre o seminário, leia aqui.

Para os interessados na obra lucana - Evangelho de Lucas e Atos dos Apóstolos, uma dica: as palestras principais estão disponíveis em vídeo.

Na página do seminário estão os links para os vídeos no YouTube.

Há também uma galeria de fotos do seminário.

Seminário do PIB para professores de Bíblia: aula do Prof. Massimo Grilli - 21.01.2019

sexta-feira, 1 de março de 2019

Biblical Studies Carnival 156

Seleção de postagens dos biblioblogs em fevereiro de 2019.

Biblical Studies Carnival 156 (February 2019)

Trabalho feito por Bob MacDonald em seu blog Dust.