terça-feira, 20 de junho de 2017

Uma bibliografia comentada para o estudo da Antiguidade Clássica

WEEKS, J. M. ; DE MEDEIROS, J. A Research Guide to the Ancient World: Print and Electronic Sources. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015, 456 p. - ISBN 9781442237391.

WEEKS, J. M. ; DE MEDEIROS, J. A Research Guide to the Ancient World: Print and Electronic Sources

The archaeological study of the ancient world has become increasingly popular in recent years. A Research Guide to the Ancient World: Print and Electronic Sources, is a partially annotated bibliography. The study of the ancient world is usually, although not exclusively, considered a branch of the humanities, including archaeology, art history, languages, literature, philosophy, and related cultural disciplines which consider the ancient cultures of the Mediterranean world, and adjacent Egypt and southwestern Asia. Chronologically the ancient world would extend from the beginning of the Bronze Age of ancient Greece (ca. 1000 BCE) to the fall of the Western Roman Empire (ca. 500 CE). This book will close the traditional subject gap between the humanities (Classical World; Egyptology) and the social sciences (anthropological archaeology; Near East) in the study of the ancient world. This book is uniquely the only bibliographic resource available for such holistic coverage.

The volume consists of 17 chapters and 5 appendixes, arranged according to the traditional types of library research materials (bibliographies, dictionaries, atlases, etc.). The appendixes are mostly subject specific, including graduate programs in ancient studies, reports from significant archaeological sites, numismatics, and paleography and writing systems. These extensive author and subject indexes help facilitate ease of use.


Contents

Introduction
1.   What Is the Ancient World?
2.   Specialized Libraries Collection
3.   Specialized Museum Collections
4.   Guides to the Literature of the Ancient World
5.   Subject Bibliographies
6.   Regional Bibliographies
7.   Book Reviews and Yearbooks
8.   Dictionaries
9.   Encyclopedias   
10. Handbooks
11. Abstracts and Indexes
12. Journal Literature
13. Biographical Information
14. Directories of Organizations and Associations
15. Atlases
16. Photographic and Visual Collections
17. Theses and Dissertations
Appendix 1. Library of Congress Classification System
Appendix 2. Graduate Programs
Appendix 3. Archaeological Site Reports
Appendix 4. Paleography and Writing Systems
Appendix 5. Numismatics


John M. Weeks is Head Librarian, Penn Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, at the University of Pennsylvania, USA.

Jason de Medeiros is Assistant Librarian, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, USA.


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

sexta-feira, 16 de junho de 2017

A cultura cuneiforme

RADNER, K. ; ROBSON, E. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 805 p. - ISBN 9780199557301.

RADNER, K. ; ROBSON, E. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

The cuneiform script, the writing system of ancient Mesopotamia, was witness to one of the world's oldest literate cultures. For over three millennia, it was the vehicle of communication from (at its greatest extent) Iran to the Mediterranean, Anatolia to Egypt. The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture examines the Ancient Middle East through the lens of cuneiform writing. The contributors, a mix of scholars from across the disciplines, explore, define, and to some extent look beyond the boundaries of the written word, using Mesopotamia's clay tablets and stone inscriptions not just as 'texts' but also as material artefacts that offer much additional information about their creators, readers, users and owners.

Este livro examina o Antigo Oriente Médio sob o ângulo da escrita cuneiforme. Porém, os estudiosos que aqui escrevem procuram ir além dos limites da palavra escrita, usando as tabuinhas de argila e as inscrições em pedra da antiga Mesopotâmia não apenas como textos, mas também como artefatos materiais que oferecem muitas informações adicionais sobre seus criadores, leitores, usuários e proprietários.

Karen Radner is Alexander von Humboldt Professor of the Ancient History of the Near and Middle East at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.

Karen Radner

Eleanor Robson is a Professor of Ancient Near Eastern History at the Department of History, University College London, UK.

Eleanor Robson


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Um guia para a arqueologia do Antigo Oriente Médio

POTTS, D. T.  (ed.) A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. 2 vols. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, 1500 p. - ISBN 9781405189880.
 
POTTS, D. T.  (ed.) A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

 A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East is a comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity. This expansive two-volume work includes sixty new essays from an international community of Ancient Near East scholars. With coverage extending from Asia Minor, the eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indo-Iranian borderlands, the book highlights the enormous variation in cultural developments across roughly 11,000 years of human endeavor. In addition to chapters devoted to specific regions and particular periods, a large number of chapters present individual industries and major themes in ancient Near Eastern archaeology, ranging from metallurgy and agriculture to irrigation and fishing. Controversial issues, including the nature and significance of the antiquities market, ethical considerations in archaeological praxis, the history of the foundation of departments of antiquities and ancient attitudes towards the past, make this a unique collection of studies that will be of interest to scholars, students and interested readers alike. Daniel T. Potts is Professor at Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University, USA.

Esta obra em dois volumes oferece, em cinquenta e oito ensaios assinados por especialistas, uma visão abrangente e competente da cultura material do Antigo Oriente Médio ao longo de 11 mil anos.

Daniel T. Potts

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

terça-feira, 13 de junho de 2017

Religião e ideologia na Assíria

PONGRATZ-LEISTEN, B. Religion and Ideology in Assyria. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, 553 p. - ISBN 9781614514824.

PONGRATZ-LEISTEIN, B. Religion and Ideology in Assyria

The aim of this book is to go back in time and contextualize the development of Neo-Assyrian ideology from its origins in the earliest days of Aššur. Simultaneously, this book seeks to document the enormity of Assyria’s cultural interaction over space and time with “outside groups”. The goal here is to trace Assyrian ideology in its formative stages and to expose the emergence of certain tropes during the early history of Aššur. In other words, my primary interest lies in the development of Assyrian ideological discourse against the backdrop of changing political-historical conditions. Control of a large territorial state required an ideological system that anchored the monarchy in established ideational frameworks and religious traditions. The formulation and promulgation of such an ideology was an act of agency. A further objective of this book, therefore, is to reveal the voice of the ancient scholars and to demonstrate their agency in the shaping of the image of the king in the surviving sources. Narratives of power and ritual served to anchor kingship in the mythical past and were essential strategies for sacralizing kingship. Because ritual and narratives of power were informed by and made use of myth and Weltanschauung, they adapted perpetually to changing political landscapes. The assumption here is that cosmogonies and myths at large not only create their own versions of the world but that they also have a strong impact on the political action of elites and on their ideological discourse.

Beate Pongratz-Leisten

Beate Pongratz-Leisten is Professor of Ancient Near Eastern Studies at Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University, USA.

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

quinta-feira, 8 de junho de 2017

Assíria: a pré-história do imperialismo

LIVERANI, M. Assiria: La preistoria dell'imperialismo. Bari: Laterza, 2017, 402 p. - ISBN 9788858126684. 

LIVERANI, M. Assiria: La preistoria dell'imperialismo, 2017

Gli obiettivi di questo lavoro sono pertanto due. Il più ovvio è quello di fornire la mia visione dell’ideologia imperiale assira. L’altro, invece, è di carattere comparativo, e a sua volta ha un duplice intento. Il primo consiste nel trarre dalla comparazione una più completa gamma di idee e di problematiche, di similitudini e divergenze, che giovino a meglio chiarire e meglio articolare il caso assiro. Il secondo intento è di mostrare come lo stesso caso assiro possa contribuire ad una migliore comprensione del fenomeno storico generale – con la peculiarità non trascurabile che esso si pone diacronicamente a monte dei tanti altri imperi successivi. Non c’è alcuna voglia di stabilire ingenui «primati», semmai quello di ricercare le «forme semplici» dell’imperialismo, forme che l’Assiria offre in maniera più diretta ed esplicita delle più complesse e sofisticate ideologie successive (Introduzione. Imperialismo: la materialità e l’ideologia).

Mario Liverani, uno dei maggiori studiosi del Vicino Oriente antico, rivoluziona la storia dell'antica Assiria, mostrando come qui siano emersi per la prima volta alcuni dei tratti caratteristici comuni a tutti gli imperi comparsi nella storia del mondo. Da Roma a Bisanzio, dall'impero britannico all'egemonia USA: il dominio con ogni mezzo disponibile per ricavarne vantaggi, la colpevolizzazione del nemico, l'attribuzione di una valenza universale alla propria missione hanno sempre accompagnato la vita di ogni impero.

This book outlines the basic features of Assyrian imperialism within the framework of the general development of the imperial idea, all the while insisting on noting comparative material. The intent is twofold: (1) to better understand Assyria through comparison with later empires, and (2) to underscore the relevance of the Assyrian model and its influence on later history. Although the first intention profits ancient historians, the second goal is addressed to modern and contemporary historians, who too often ignore (or at least disregard) the long historical background lying behind more recent developments. The world in general, in the present climate of globalization, deserves to be better informed about pre-modern and non-Western trajectories of world history.

Sommario
Introduzione. Imperialismo: la materialità e l’ideologia
1. Dio lo vuole
2. Comunicare con Dio
3. Guerra santa e giusta
4. Esplorare per conquistare
5. La periferia funzionale
6. Collezionismo
7. Esibizione pubblica
8. Marcare il territorio: le stele
9. Le iscrizioni celebrative
10. La titolatura reale
11. La giustificazione difensiva
12. Battaglie e assedi
13. Giuramenti e violazioni
14. Punire e perdonare
15. Distruggere per ricostruire
16. «Exporting Despotism»
17. La città al centro del mondo
18. Le province
19. Da tributari a deportati
20. La rete di comunicazioni
21. Diventare Assiri
22. La prosperità imperiale
23. L’unificazione tecnologica
24. L’unificazione religiosa
25. L’unificazione linguistica
26. L’impero prototipo
27. Traiettorie dell’imperialismo
28. Imperi antichi e moderni
29. Celebrazione e realtà
30. La visione degli altri
Cartine
Immagini
Fonti e bibliografia

Mario Liverani (nato a Roma il 10/01/1939)

Mario Liverani (nato a Roma il 10/01/1939) è professore emerito di Storia del Vicino Oriente antico presso l'Università "La Sapienza" di Roma, Italia.

Recomendo. E muito. O livro acabou de ser publicado em italiano e em inglês. Cf. também aqui.

Para saber onde consultar as fontes assírias usadas por Mario Liverani, clique aqui. Para ver a bibliografia citada por Mario Liverani, clique aqui.


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

quarta-feira, 7 de junho de 2017

Deuses, demônios e símbolos da antiga Mesopotâmia

BLACK, J. ; GREEN, A. Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia. Illustrations by Tessa Rickards. Austin: University of Texas Press, [1992] 2016, 192 p. - ISBN 9780292707948. 

BLACK J. ; GREEN, A. Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia


This book offers an introductory guide to the beliefs and customs of the ancient Mesopotamians, as revealed in their art and their writings between about 3000 B.C. and the advent of the Christian era. Gods, goddesses, demons, monsters, magic, myths, religious symbolism, ritual, and the spiritual world are all discussed in alphabetical entries ranging from short accounts to extended essays. Names are given in both their Sumerian and Akkadian forms, and all entries are fully cross-referenced. A useful introduction provides historical and geographical background and describes the sources of our knowledge about the religion, mythology and magic of "the cradle of civilization".

Jeremy Allen Black (1951 - 2004) was a leading Assyriologist, master of Sumerian literature, and Oxford University Lecturer.

Anthony Green (1956-2012) was a field archaeologist and expert in Ancient Near Eastern religious iconography. He has conducted extensive archaeological fieldwork in Syria and Iraq and writes on ancient Mesopotamian art and archaeology.

Tessa Rickards is a freelance archaeological illustrator specializing in ancient Mesopotamia. She has worked as an illustrator on numerous international excavations in the Middle East.

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Dicionário de acádico

BLACK, J. ; GEORGE, A. ; POSTGATE, N. (eds.) A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian. 2. ed. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2000, 474 p. - ISBN 9783447042253.

BLACK, J.; GEORGE, A.; POSTGATE, N. (eds.) A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian

A reliable student’s dictionary of Akkadian. All dialects are covered.

Jeremy Allen Black (1951 - 2004) was a leading Assyriologist, master of Sumerian literature, and Oxford University Lecturer.

Jeremy Allen Black (1951 - 2004)

Andrew R. George (born 1955) is Professor of Babylonian at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, UK.

Andrew R. George

Nicholas Postgate (born 1945) was Professor of Assyriology at the University of Cambridge, UK.

Nicholas Postgate


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

domingo, 4 de junho de 2017

Implicações políticas e ideológicas da arqueologia do Antigo Oriente Médio

 Para entender o motivo dessa publicação, clique aqui.

 
POLLOCK, S.; BERBECK, R.  (eds.) Archaeologies of the Middle East: Critical Perspectives. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2005, 384 p. - ISBN 9780631230014.

POLLOCK, S.; BERBECK, R.  (eds.) Archaeologies of the Middle East: Critical Perspectives

Archaeologies of the Middle East explores the connections between modern-day politics and the social context of archaeological practice and underutilized approaches to archaeological interpretation, such as: examining the ways in which scholars write about the past, the portrayal of archaeology in the news media, and the impacts of and on archaeology in volatile political situations. Written by some of the top archaeologists of the Middle East, this volume integrates scholars from diverse backgrounds with a wide range of interests and intellectual approaches to their research. Susan Pollock is Professor Emerita at State University of New York at Binghamton, USA, and guest professor in the Institut für Vorderasiatische Archäologie at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. Reinhard Bernbeck is Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Near Eastern Archaeology at Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany.

Este livro trabalha as conexões entre a política atual e o contexto social da prática arqueológica. Examina as formas como os estudiosos escrevem sobre o passado, a imagem da arqueologia nos meios de comunicação e os impactos da arqueologia em situações políticas voláteis. Escrito por alguns dos principais arqueólogos do Antigo Oriente Médio, este volume congrega estudiosos de diversas origens com ampla gama de interesses e variadas abordagens intelectuais.

A arqueologia como um produto social... as implicações políticas e ideológicas da prática arqueológica... arqueologia, colonialismo, imperialismo, ideologia, religião, bíblia... Este é o assunto deste livro.

Susan Pollock

Veja o sumário:

1.  Introduction - Susan Pollock and Reinhard Bernbeck
2.  A Cultural-Historical Framework - Reinhard Bernbeck and Susan Pollock

Part I - Producing and Disseminating Knowledge About the Ancient Near East
3.  Who Has Not Eaten Cherries with the Devil? Archaeology under Challenge - Caroline Steele
4.  Archaeology and Nationalism in the Holy Land - Adel H.Yahya
5.  Archaeology Goes to War at the Newsstand - Susan Pollock
6.  The Past as Fact and Fiction: From Historical Novels to Novel Histories - Reinhard Bernbeck

Part II - Reassessing Evolutionary “Firsts”
7.  Bleeding or Breeding: Neandertals vs. Early Modern Humans in the Middle Paleolithic Levant - John Shea
8.  Lumps of Clay and Pieces of Stone: Ambiguity, Bodies, and Identity as Portrayed in Neolithic Figurines - Ian Kuijt and Meredith S. Chesson
9.  The State: The Process of State Formation as Seen from Mesopotamia - Jean-Daniel Forest
10. Archaeology, Bible, and the History of the Levant in the Iron Age - Israel Finkelstein
11. Imperialism - Mario Liverani

Part III - Constructing Arguments, Understanding Perceptions
12. Ethnoarchaeology, Analogy, and Ancient Society - Marc Verhoeven
13. The Ancient Sumerians in the Tides of Time - Petr Charvát
14. Reliquaries on the Landscape: Mounds as Matrices of Human Cognition - Sharon R. Steadman
15. Archaeology and Texts in the Ancient Near East - Paul Zimansky
16. Representations, Reality, and Ideology - Jennifer C. Ross

Reinhard Bernbeck


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

sábado, 3 de junho de 2017

O Antigo Oriente Médio: uma breve introdução

PODANY, A. H. The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 148 p. - ISBN 9780195377996.

PODANY, A. H. The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction

In this slim volume Amanda H. Podany ambitiously covers roughly three thousand years of history in the Ancient Near East, starting with the appearance of cuneiform writing around 3600 B.C. and continuing forward to the fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire to the Achaemenid Iranian Empire in 539 B.C. For The Ancient Near East Podany uses a chronological presentation, as opposed to a thematic presentation. After an introductory chapter, Archaeology and Environment, each of the following chapters looks a specific chronological period in Near Eastern History. An abbreviated chronology of the main periods, references, and a short but well organized selection of suggestions for further reading round out the book. Amanda H. Podany is Professor and Chair of History at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, USA.

Em espanhol:

PODANY, A. H. El antiguo Oriente Próximo: Una breve introducción. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2016, 216 p. - ISBN 9788491042754.


Amanda H. Podany


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Arqueologia e imperialismo na Mesopotâmia

MALLEY, S. Layard enterprise: Victorian archaeology and informal imperialism in Mesopotamia. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Cambridge, 40 (4), p. 623-646, 2008.

In this essay I argue that the myth of archaeological stewardship needs to be historicized and problematized at its very birthplace. For the British, this begins with the myth of “Layard of Nineveh.” Shawn Malley is professor of English at Bishop's University, Canada.

Artigo interessante, mostrando aspectos imperialistas na arqueologia da Mesopotâmia. Disponível para download em pdf.

Shawn Malley

Deste autor e sobre este tema, confira o livro:

MALLEY, S. From Archaeology to Spectacle in Victorian Britain: The Case of Assyria, 1845-1854. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 220 p. - ISBN 9781138254541.

MALLEY, S. From Archaeology to Spectacle in Victorian Britain: The Case of Assyria, 1845-1854.


In this detailed and rigorously researched study, Shawn Malley examines Austen Henry Layard’s excavation of Assyria, and its subsequent impact upon literary, cultural, religious and scientific spheres. Concurrently, he grapples with the imperialistic repercussions of the removal of antiquities to British institutions (focusing exclusively on the British Museum), and the implications for Layard as a middle-class individual thrust into aristocratic circles on the back of his twin archaeological and political endeavours. From Archaeology to Spectacle in Victorian Britain is rich with original archival research, conducted at the British Library, British Museum and Foreign Office, and it is Malley’s unearthing and analysis of such material that makes this monograph so significant within a growing corpus of critical studies dealing with literature and archaeology in this period, complementing such respected works as Frederick Bohrer’s Orientalism and Visual Culture: Imagining Mesopotamia in Nineteenth-Century Europe (2003) and David Gange’s Dialogues with the Dead: Egyptology in British Culture and Religion, 1822-1922 (2013). Investigating the intersections between biblical archaeology and British imperialism, Malley draws upon postprocessual archaeological theory, bringing together the methodologies of diverse critical fields. Across five chapters, and enhanced by copious illustrations, From Archaeology to Spectacle in Victorian Britain addresses the potent cultural ripples radiating out from Layard’s archaeological and diplomatic mission (Eleanor Dobson)

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Pesquisando as cidades do Antigo Oriente Médio

LIVERANI, M. Immaginare Babele: Due secoli di studi sulla città orientale antica. Bari: Laterza, 2013, 530 p. - ISBN 9788858106518.
 
LIVERANI, M. Immaginare Babele: Due secoli di studi sulla città orientale antica


In questo libro Mario Liverani racconta come, nell'arco di due secoli, le città dell'antico Oriente sono tornate a vivere per noi, dapprima solo immaginate, sulla scorta delle notizie bibliche e della letteratura classica; poi intraviste da viaggiatori alla ricerca della Torre di Babele in un paesaggio cosparso di macerie informi; infine scavate, descritte, misurate, classificate, interpretate a seconda delle tendenze culturali degli studiosi. Dopo due secoli di scavi, di studi e di mutevoli approcci è possibile finalmente costruire un quadro d'insieme non solo dell'attività di ricerca ma anche dei suoi risultati, che restituiscono le città dell'antico Oriente - grazie all'apporto di varie discipline - nel loro splendore architettonico e artistico e nella loro vita socio-economica. Mario Liverani è uno archeologo e storico italiano. Professore emerito di Storia del Vicino Oriente antico presso l'Università La Sapienza di Roma, Italia.


LIVERANI, M. Imagining Babylon: The Modern Story of an Ancient City. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2016, 488 p. - ISBN 9781614516026.

LIVERANI, M. Imagining Babylon: The Modern Story of an Ancient City


Ever since the archaeological rediscovery of the Ancient Near East, generations of scholars have attempted to reconstruct the "real Babylon," known to us before from the evocative biblical account of the Tower of Babel. After two centuries of excavations and scholarship, Mario Liverani provides an insightful overview of modern, Western approaches, theories, and accounts of the ancient Near Eastern city. Mario Liverani is Professor Emeritus at the University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

sexta-feira, 2 de junho de 2017

História, sociedade e economia do Antigo Oriente Médio

LIVERANI, M. Antico Oriente: Storia, società, economia. 4. ed. Bari: Laterza, 2011, 899 p. - ISBN 9788842095880.

LIVERANI, M. Antico Oriente: Storia, società, economia

In queste pagine, divenute un classico della storiografia, il lettore troverà tre millenni di storia (3500-500 a.C.) ripercorsi in modo unitario. Utilizzando tutta la documentazione portata alla luce dalle ultime scoperte archeologiche, e grazie alle sue personali ricerche nell'arco di oltre venticinque anni, Mario Liverani ha potuto finalmente ricostruire, in chiave storica e non solo prevalentemente filologica, le vicende di popolazioni dai nomi altamente evocativi (Sumeri, Hittiti, Assiri, Babilonesi, ecc.). Il ricco e vario apparato illustrativo per ogni periodo storico propone il materiale più caratteristico e rappresentativo, documentando il livello tecnologico cui era giunta l'attività produttiva dei popoli dell'Antico Oriente. Mario Liverani (nato a Roma il 10/01/1939) è uno archeologo e storico italiano. Professore emerito di Storia del Vicino Oriente antico presso l'Università La Sapienza di Roma, Italia.


LIVERANI, M. Antigo Oriente: História, Sociedade e Economia. São Paulo: EDUSP, 2016, 832 p. - ISBN 9788531415685.

LIVERANI, M. Antigo Oriente: História, Sociedade e Economia

Em Antigo Oriente, Mario Liverani analisa três milênios de história, entre os anos de 3500 a 500 a.C., apresentando o conhecimento de sumérios, hititas, assírios, babilônios, judeus e fenícios, entre outros povos, os quais deixaram marcas importantes na cultura ocidental. O tradutor, Ivan Esperança Rocha [que foi meu colega na FTCR da PUC-Campinas], ressalta a importância do livro, que apresenta uma nova perspectiva sobre o tema, e sua principal contribuição é a tentativa de tecer uma visão de conjunto nesse campo, distanciando-se de abordagens excessivamente filológicas, elegendo um ponto de vista mais histórico e não se eximindo de indicar opções de recortes cronológicos, temáticos e geográficos. A edição é ilustrada com diversas tabelas cronológicas, mapas e análises textuais que, sem prejudicar a fluência do texto, auxiliam a consulta e permitem ao leitor um contato direto com as fontes da pesquisa. Mario Liverani é professor emérito de História do Antigo Oriente Médio na Universidade La Sapienza de Roma, Itália. 

Mario Liverani - nato a Roma il 10/01/ 1939


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Gramática de acádico

HUEHNERGARD, J. A Grammar of Akkadian. 3. ed. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011, XLII + 660 p. - ISBN 9781575069418.

HUEHNERGARD, J. A Grammar of Akkadian

A comprehensive introduction to the Old Babylonian form of Akkadian, with exercises in cuneiform and in transliteration from a variety of text genres. John Huehnergard is Professor at Department of Middle Eastern Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
John Huehnergard

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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Gramática de sumério

EDZARD, D. O. Sumerian Grammar. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003, 191 p. - ISBN  9781589832527.

EDZARD, D. O. Sumerian Grammar


This comprehensive grammar by one of the leading authorities on Sumerian is an up-to-date presentation of the language. Dietz Otto Edzard (1930-2004) was a Professor at Institut für Assyriologie und Hethitologie, University of Munich, Germany.

Dietz Otto Edzard (1930-2004)


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

Os sumérios

CRAWFORD, H. E. W. Sumer and the Sumerians. 2. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, 264 p. - ISBN 9780521533386.

CRAWFORD, H. E. W. Sumer and the Sumerians

In this fully revised and expanded edition of her classic text, Sumer and the Sumerians [first edition: 1991], Harriet Crawford reviews the extraordinary social and technological developments in the region from 3800 to 2000 BC. Drawing on the most up-to-date historical and archaeological sources, she provides a thematic exploration of this ancient civilization, examining its physical and historical background, changing settlement patterns, public and private architecture and cultural developments of the period. In this new edition, the chapter on Manufacturing Industries and Trade has been enlarged and divided into two chapters. In addition, a new chapter on the contemporary developments in Upper Mesopotamia is included. The final chapter reflects on the future of the heritage of Iraq in the aftermath of the second Gulf War.  Harriet E. W. Crawford is Reader Emerita at Institute of Archaeology, Universtiy College London, UK.


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Histórias do Antigo Oriente Médio: uma bibliografia

quinta-feira, 1 de junho de 2017

Biblical Studies Carnival 135

Seleção de postagens dos biblioblogs em maio de 2017.

Biblioblog Carnival - May 2017

Trabalho feito por Jeff Carter em seu blog Thatjeffcarter was here.

E há também The June Avignonian Carnival of ‘May Biblical Studies End of the Academic Year’ Goodness. By Jim West.

segunda-feira, 29 de maio de 2017

A arqueologia e seu meio social em perspectiva histórica

TRIGGER, B. G. A History of Archaeological Thought. 2. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, 710 p. - ISBN 9780521600491.

TRIGGER, B. G. A History of Archaeological Thought

This work traces the history and context of archaeological research and practice around the world, and examines underlying ideas and values. The primary goal of this book is to survey the intellectual history of archaeology in an attempt to evaluate the claims of three alternative epistemologies that are currently being applied to archaeology. Positivist epistemologists maintain that society and culture exert no significant influence on the development of archaeology, which is shaped by explanations based on explicit theories being tested in the light of adequate evidence and according to proper scientific methods. Extreme relativists argue that the interpretation of archaeological data is so influenced by the intellectual persuasions, class interests, ethnic loyalties, gender prejudices, and personal self-interest of archaeologists that objectivity is impossible. There is no such thing as objective knowledge, and, therefore, no one truth but many possibly antithetical truths. Moderate relativists concede that archaeological interpretations are influenced by society, culture, and self-interest but maintain that archaeological evidence constrains speculation. Bruce Graham Trigger (1937– 2006) was a Canadian archaeologist.


TRIGGER, B. G. História do pensamento arqueológico. 2. ed. São Paulo: Odysseus, 2011, 630 p. -ISBN 9788578760175.

TRIGGER, B. G. História do pensamento arqueológico

Esse livro examina as relações entre a arqueologia e seu meio social em uma perspectiva histórica. Um tal enfoque possibilita uma visão comparativa a partir da qual problemas relativos a subjetividade, objetividade e acumulação gradual de conhecimento podem ser apreciados.

A arqueologia é uma ciência social no sentido de que ela procura explicar o que aconteceu a um grupo específico de seres humanos no passado e fazer generalizações a respeito do processo de mudança cultural. Porém, ao contrário dos etnólogos, dos geógrafos, dos sociólogos, dos cientistas políticos e dos economistas, os arqueólogos não podem observar o comportamento da população que eles estudam; ao contrário dos historiadores, também não têm, na maioria dos casos, acesso direto ao pensamento dessa gente registrado em textos escritos. A arqueologia infere comportamento humano, e também ideias, a partir de materiais remanescentes do que pessoas fizeram e usaram, e do impacto físico de sua presença no meio ambiente. A interpretação de dados arqueológicos depende da compreensão de como seres humanos se comportam no presente e, em particular, de como esse comportamento se reflete na cultura material. Os arqueólogos também têm de recorrer a princípios uniformitaristas para que possam valer-se do entendimento de processos biológicos e geológicos contemporâneos na inferência de como tais processos ajudaram a configurar o registro arqueológico. No entanto, eles estão longe de chegar a um acordo a respeito de como esses saberes podem ser legítima e compreensivamente aplicados aos seus dados a fim de tornar inteligível o comportamento humano passado.

É talvez decepcionantemente fácil mostrar que, no mundo inteiro, a interpretação da evidência arqueológica é influenciada por condições políticas, sociais e econômicas, assim como pela tendência de indivíduos e grupos a afirmar seus interesses apresentando objetivos egoístas como se fossem altruístas. Além do mais, interpretações arqueológicas são diretamente influenciadas por preconceitos de gênero, por interesses étnicos, pelo controle político da pesquisa e da publicação, pelo financiamento das atividades arqueológicas, por conflitos de geração entre os pesquisadores e por influências idiossincráticas de arqueólogos carismáticos. São também influenciadas pela sociedade indiretamente, através de modelos analíticos oferecidos pelas ciências físicas e biológicas e, em maior medida, pelas ciências sociais, assim como pela continuidade da aceitação de explicações arqueológicas estabelecidas cujo caráter obsoleto não se tornou evidente.

No entanto, apenas muito raramente são encontradas correspondências simples entre as interpretações arqueológicas e as condições sociais. Essas interpretações não constituem, na maioria, reflexo direto de tais condições, antes vêm a ser versões do passado criadas por arqueólogos que tentam, em circunstâncias históricas particulares, promover, ou defender, interesses e preferências sociais. Esses interesses variam e podem ser apoiados de diferentes maneiras.

Bruce Graham Trigger (1937– 2006), arqueólogo canadense

Bruce Graham Trigger (1937– 2006) foi um arqueólogo canadense.

Teoria e método em arqueologia

RENFREW, C. ; BAHN, P. Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice. 7. ed. London: Thames & Hudson, 2016, 672 p. - ISBN 9780500292105.

RENFREW, C. ; BAHN, P. Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice

This new edition is the most comprehensive introduction to archaeological method and theory available. It is used by instructors and students for introductory courses on methods and theory, but also for classes on archaeological field methods, archaeological science, and a number of other courses. The book presents an up-to-date and accurate overview of the world of archaeology in the 21st century. Colin Renfrew is Disney Professor Emeritus of Archaeology and former Director of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge, UK. Paul Bahn is a freelance writer, translator, and broadcaster in archaeology.

Uma abrangente introdução à teoria e ao método arqueológico. O livro apresenta uma visão atualizada e precisa do mundo da arqueologia no século XXI. É considerado um clássico na área.

Colin Renfrew


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As principais correntes teóricas da arqueologia

JOHNSON, M. Archaeological Theory: An Introduction. 2. ed. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell, 2010, 328 p. - ISBN 9781405100151.

JOHNSON, M. Archaeological Theory: An Introduction


This book is an introductory essay on archaeological theory [the application of philosophy of science to archaeology]. It tries to explain something of what ‘theory’ is, its relationship to archaeological practice, how it has developed within archaeology over the last few decades, and how archaeological thought relates to theory in the human sciences and the intellectual world generally. Exploring the many ways of approaching the human past, from positivism to post-modernism, Johnson reveals the historical origins of different schools of thought and sets theories against the practical problems they are intended to solve, as well as against wider developments in other disciplines. Matthew H. Johnson is Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Northwestern University, USA.

Este livro traz um panorama das principais correntes teóricas da arqueologia. Explica o que é "teoria", sua relação com a prática arqueológica e como ela se desenvolveu dentro da arqueologia nas últimas décadas.

 Matthew H. Johnson


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domingo, 28 de maio de 2017

Um relato do estado atual da teoria arqueológica

HODDER, I. (ed.) Archaeological Theory Today. 2 ed. Cambridge: Polity, 2012, 320 p. - ISBN 9780745653068. 

HODDER, I. (ed.) Archaeological Theory Today

This volume provides an authoritative account of the current status of archaeological theory, as presented by some of its major exponents and innovators over recent decades. It summarizes the latest developments in the field and looks to its future, exploring some of the cutting–edge ideas at the forefront of the discipline. The volume captures the diversity of contemporary archaeological theory. Some authors argue for an approach close to the natural sciences, others for an engagement with cultural debate about representation of the past. Some minimize the relevance of culture to societal change, while others see it as central; some focus on the contingent and the local, others on long–term evolution. While few practitioners in theoretical archaeology would today argue for a unified disciplinary approach, the authors in this volume increasingly see links and convergences between their perspectives. The volume also reflects archaeology′s new openness to external influences, as well as the desire to contribute to wider debates. The contributors examine ways in which archaeological evidence contributes to theories of evolutionary psychology, as well as to the social sciences in general, where theories of social relationships, agency, landscape and identity are informed by the long–term perspective of archaeology. Ian Hodder  (born 1948) is a British archaeologist.  Dunlevie Family Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University, USA.

Este volume fornece um relato competente do estado atual da teoria arqueológica, como apresentado por alguns de seus principais expoentes e inovadores nas últimas décadas.

Ian Hodder

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Uma breve introdução à arqueologia

FAGAN, B. M. ; DURRANI, N. Archaeology: A Brief Introduction. 12. ed. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 424 p. – ISBN  9781138190313.

FAGAN, B. M. ; DURRANI, N. Archaeology: A Brief Introduction

Archaeology is a jargon-free and accessible introduction to the field which details how archaeologists study the human past in all its fascinating diversity. Now in its twelfth edition, this classic textbook has been updated to reflect the latest research and new findings in the field. Reflecting the global scope of the discipline, the book has a truly international coverage of important discoveries and sites from many corners of the globe. Individual chapters examine archaeology and its history, considering the role of the archaeologist and how they discover, investigate and classify sites and artifacts. This journey through archaeology also includes a discussion of important individuals and groups, and some of the ways in which archaeologists attempt to explain major social and cultural changes in the remote past. Archaeology ends with an outline of the complex world of cultural resource management and gives invaluable advice on how to become an archaeologist. Richly illustrated throughout, this popular and engaging textbook on archaeological methods has introduced generations of students to the captivating world of archaeology.

Este é um clássico, já na 12ª edição.  Veja também o post anterior.


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Uma breve história da arqueologia

FAGAN, B. M. ; DURRANI, N. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century. 2. ed. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 302 p. – ISBN 9781138657076.

FAGAN, B. M. ; DURRANI, N. A Brief History of Archaeology: Classical Times to the Twenty-First Century


This short account of the discipline of archaeology tells of spectacular discoveries and the colorful lives of the archaeologists who made them, as well as of changing theories and current debates in the field. Spanning over two thousand years of history, the book details early digs as well as covering the development of archaeology as a multidisciplinary science, the modernization of meticulous excavation methods during the twentieth century, and the important discoveries that led to new ideas about the evolution of human societies. Brian Murray Fagan (born 1936) is a British prolific author of popular archaeology books and a professor emeritus of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA. Nadia Durrani is a Cambridge University-trained archaeologist and writer, with a PhD from University College, London, in Arabian archaeology. She is former editor of Britain’s best-selling archaeology magazine, Current World Archaeology and has authored and edited many articles and books on archaeology from every corner of the globe.

 Brian Murray Fagan

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Introdução à história da arqueologia

CLINE, E. H. Three Stones Make a Wall: The Story of Archaeology.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017, 480 p. - ISBN 9780691166407.

CLINE, E. H. Three Stones Make a Wall: The Story of Archaeology, 2017

Written by Eric Cline, an archaeologist with more than thirty seasons of excavation experience, Three Stones Make a Wall traces the history of archaeology from an amateur pursuit to the cutting-edge science it is today by taking the reader on a tour of major archaeological sites and discoveries, from Pompeii to Petra, Troy to the Terracotta Warriors, and Mycenae to Megiddo and Masada. Cline brings to life the personalities behind these digs, including Heinrich Schliemann, the former businessman who excavated Troy, and Mary Leakey, whose discoveries advanced our understanding of human origins. The discovery of the peoples and civilizations of the past is presented in vivid detail, from the Hittites and Minoans to the Inca, Aztec, and Moche. Along the way, the book addresses the questions archaeologists are asked most often: How do you know where to dig? How are excavations actually done? How do you know how old something is? Who gets to keep what is found? Eric H. Cline (born 1960) is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at George Washington University, USA.  Cf. Escavando Meguido.

Eric H. Cline

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sábado, 27 de maio de 2017

O que é a arqueologia?

BAHN, P. Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. 2. ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, 136 p. - ISBN  9780199657438.

BAHN, P. Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

This entertaining Very Short Introduction reflects the enduring popularity of archaeology - a subject which appeals as a pastime, career, and academic discipline, encompasses the whole globe, and surveys 2.5 million years. From deserts to jungles, from deep caves to mountain tops, from pebble tools to satellite photographs, from excavation to abstract theory, archaeology interacts with nearly every other discipline in its attempts to reconstruct the past. In this new edition, Paul Bahn brings the text up to date, including information about new discoveries and interpretations in the field, and highlighting the impact of developments such as the potential use of DNA and stable isotopes in teeth, as well the effect technology and science are having on archaeological exploration. Paul Bahn is a freelance writer, translator, and broadcaster in archaeology.

Este livro é uma boa introdução para quem quer saber um pouco mais sobre o assunto, mesmo que não tenha interesse em estudar arqueologia.

Paul Bahn

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O básico da arqueologia

GAMBLE, C. Archaeology: The Basics. 3. ed. Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, 306 p. - ISBN 9780415694834.

GAMBLE, C. Archaeology: The Basics. 3. ed. Abingdon: Routledge, 2015

This book answers key questions about how and why we practice archaeology and examines the theories and themes underpinning the subject. Fully updated, this new edition includes a wide range of examples and new material on key growth areas including evolutionary approaches in current archaeology, the archaeology of landscape and place, the impact and value of archaeology, conflict archaeology and the politics of the past. This text is essential reading for all those beginning to study archaeology and anyone who has ever questioned the past. Clive Gamble (born 1951) is a Professor of Archaeology at University of Southampton, UK.

Este livro responde a perguntas-chave sobre como e por que praticamos a arqueologia e examina as teorias e os temas subjacentes ao assunto. Indicado para iniciantes.

Professor Clive Gamble
 
Sumário

What is archaeology?

How many archaeologies are there?

Basic concepts

People

Objects

Time and space

Change and stasis

Identity and power

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