domingo, 22 de março de 2015

A invasão de Judá por Senaquerib em 701 a.C.

Estou estudando nestes dias, na Literatura Deuteronomista, com o Segundo Ano de Teologia do CEARP, O Contexto da Obra Histórica Deuteronomista - confira meu artigo de 2005 - e o assunto da última aula foi a invasão de Judá por Senaquerib, da Assíria, em 701 a.C. quando em Jerusalém reinava Ezequias e lá estavam os profetas Isaías e Miqueias. Veja uma síntese aqui.

Andei lendo algumas coisas recentes sobre o tema, entre elas o seguinte livro, muito interessante:

KALIMI, I.; RICHARDSON, S. (eds.) Sennacherib at the Gates of Jerusalem: Story, History and Historiography. Leiden: Brill, 2014, XII + 548 p. - ISBN 9789004265615.


Sumário

The Contributors

1. Sennacherib at the Gates of Jerusalem—Story, History and Historiography: An Introduction  - Isaac Kalimi and Seth Richardson

Part One: I will defend this City to Save It
2. Sennacherib’s Campaign to Judah: The Chronicler’s View Compared with His ‘Biblical’ Sources - Isaac Kalimi
3. Cross-examining the Assyrian Witnesses to Sennacherib’s Third Campaign: Assessing the Limits of Historical Reconstruction - Mordechai Cogan
4. Sennacherib’s Campaign to Judah: The Archaeological Perspective with an Emphasis on Lachish and Jerusalem - David Ussishkin
5.  Beyond the Broken Reed: Kushite Intervention and the Limits of l’histoire événementielle - Jeremy Pope

Part Two: The Weapon of Aššur
6. Family Matters: Psychohistorical Reflections on Sennacherib and His Times  - Eckart Frahm
7. The Road to Judah: 701 b.c.e. in the Context of Sennacherib’s Political-Military Strategy - Frederick Mario Fales
8. Sennacherib’s Invasion of the Levant through the Eyes of Assyrian Intelligence Services - Peter Dubovský

Part Three: After Life
9. Memories of Sennacherib in Aramaic Tradition - Tawny L. Holm
10. Sennacherib’s Campaign and its Reception in the Time of the Second Temple - Gerbern S. Oegema
11. Sennacherib in Midrashic and Related Literature: Inscribing History in Midrash  - Rivka Ulmer
12. The Devil in Person, the Devil in Disguise: Looking for King Sennacherib in Early Christian Literature - Joseph Verheyden
13. The First “World Event”: Sennacherib at Jerusalem - Seth Richardson


Os 12 autores

  • Mordechai Cogan (Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania) is Professor Emeritus of Biblical History in the Department of Jewish History, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 
  • Peter Dubovský (Ph.D., Harvard University). Since 2008 he has been professor of Old Testament exegesis at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome. 
  • Mario Fales (Ph.D., University of Rome) is Full Professor of Ancient Near Eastern History at the University of Udine.
  • Eckart Frahm (Ph.D. Göttingen, Habilitation Heidelberg) is Professor of Assyriology at Yale University, where he has been since 2002. 
  • Tawny Holm (Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University) is Associate Professor of Jewish Studies and Classics & Ancient Mediterranean Studies at The Pennsylvania State University. 
  • Isaac Kalimi (Ph.D., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) is Gutenberg Research Professor in Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israelite History, Seminar für Altes Testment und Biblische Archaeologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany, and Senior Research Associate with the University of Chicago. 
  • Gerbern S. Oegema (Habilitation, University of Tübingen), is professor of biblical studies at the Faculty of Religious Studies of McGill University since 2002. 
  • Jeremy Pope (Ph.D., John Hopkins University) is Assistant Professor in the Department of History at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. 
  • Seth Richardson (Ph.D., Columbia University), Assyriologist and historian, was Assistant Professor of Ancient Near Eastern History at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago from 2003–2011. 
  • Rivka Ulmer (Ph.D., Goethe University of Frankfurt) researches Midrash. She teaches Jewish Studies at Bucknell University (The John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Chair in Jewish Studies, 2002–2007).
  • David Ussishkin (Ph.D., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) is Professor Emeritus of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University, Israel. 
  • Joseph Verheyden studied Philosophy (M.A.), Religious Studies (M.A.), and Oriental languages-Christian Orient (M.A.), before receiving his Ph.D. in Theology at the Catholic University of Leuven. Currently he is Professor of New Testament at the Catholic University of Leuven. 



Um trecho da introdução
The Assyrian siege of Jerusalem in 701 b.c.e. was a “world event,” both historically and historiographically. The encounter drew together the actions of disparate groups whose fate was bound together by Assyria’s empire: Babylonia, Anatolia, Syria, Egypt and Nubia were all affected by it. Just as importantly, the event formed the kernel for later literary traditions both east and west: in the Hebrew Bible, in Aramaic folklore, and in Greek and Roman sources about the East; in medieval Syriac tales, in Arabic antiquarianism; and even in the cultural politics of nineteenth century c.e. Europe and America. Thus the historical event formed the basis for ongoing and divergent interpretation in multiple cultural forms from antiquity to modernity. This rich material is fertile ground for historical scholarship: the event is not only important for biblicists and Assyriologists, but also for studies in ancient literature, diplomacy, folk tradition, imperialism, cult practice, epidemiology, military intelligence and com munication, class and politics, and the role of language in society. What is more, since the “siege” of Jerusalem also ironically has the distinction of being historically amplified from a non-event (no actual fighting, as such, occurred at Jerusalem), it excites philosophical and theological questions about the importance of “the event” as a historical category. The third campaign of Sennacherib to the west—in general, with specific reference to Judah and Jerusalem—has been well researched in historical and literary terms. However, it has not yet been much ­investigated from the point of view of historiography or reception history; the appearance of the subject in so many varied literatures is a phenomenon worthy of study. This volume intends to fill these gaps without covering every possible aspect of “Sennacherib studies” [sublinhado meu].The essays herein offer some novel historical approaches, such as psychohistory, mytho-history, and the integration of text, image, and archaeology, and build a bridge between the historical traditions of the ancient and late-antique worlds. The work also attends throughout to how deeply historiographic issues pervade our interpretations of historical events. When, indeed, does “historiography” begin to be relevant to the interrogation of sources we usually think of as “historical?” (...)
The volume comprises three major sections. The first section (“I Will Defend this City to Save It”) mainly concentrates on early sources— biblical, Assyrian and Egyptian texts and archaeological finds in the Land of Israel—concerning the events of 701 b.c.e. The second section (“The Weapon of Aššur”) focuses on the broader Assyrian political and military history forming the background of the campaign. The third section mainly traces the “after life” (Nachleben) of Sennacherib’s campaign as it was interpreted and transformed in the wide range of postbiblical literature, including Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Aramaic and rabbinic literature, New Testament and the early Christian sources.
Como o livro é bastante caro, recomendo aos interessados consultar alguns capítulos disponíveis aqui. Procure pelos nomes dos autores.

Nenhum comentário:

Postar um comentário