domingo, 24 de outubro de 2010

Novo texto de Finkelstein sobre a monarquia unida em Israel

O mais recente texto de Israel Finkelstein sobre o reino unido de Davi e Salomão é A Great United Monarchy? Archaeological and Historical Perspectives e está nas páginas 3-28 do livro

KRATZ, R. G.; SPIECKERMANN, H. (eds.) One God - One Cult - One Nation: Archaeological and Biblical Perspectives. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2010, 463 p. - ISBN 9783110223576.

Do livro diz a editora:
Recent archaeological and biblical research challenges the traditional view of the history of ancient Israel. This book presents the latest findings of both academic disciplines regarding the United Monarchy of David and Solomon ('One Nation’) and the cult reform under Josiah ('One Cult’), raising the issue of fact versus fiction. The political and cultural interrelations in the Near East are illustrated on the example of the ancient city of Beth She'an/Scythopolis and are discussed as to their significance for the transformation in the conception of God ('One God’). The volume contains 17 contributions by internationally eminent scholars from Israel, Finland and Germany.

Die jüngere archäologische und bibelwissenschaftliche Forschung stellt das traditionelle Bild der Geschichte des antiken Israel infrage. Der vorliegende Band führt neueste Forschungsergebnisse beider Wissenschaftsdisziplinen zusammen und stellt die Frage nach der historischen Faktizität oder literarischen Fiktionalität des Davidisch-Salomonischen Großreichs ('One Nation') und der Kultreformmaßnahme unter Josia ('One Cult'). Die politischen und kulturellen Wechselbeziehungen innerhalb des Vorderen Orients werden am Beispiel der antiken Stadt Beth She'an/Scythopolis veranschaulicht und in ihrer Bedeutung für den Wandel des Gottesbildes ('One God') problematisiert. Der Sammelband enthält siebzehn englischsprachige Beiträge von international anerkannten Forschern aus Israel, Finnland und Deutschland.

Entre os autores estão, além de Israel Finkelstein, Amihai Mazar, Erhard Blum, Alexander Rofé, Markus Witte, Reinhard G. Kratz, Hanspeter Schaudig, Ze'ev Herzog, Juha Pakkala, Gabriel Mazor, Katharina Heyden, Hermann Spieckermann, Matthias Köckert, Ephraim Stern, Michael Segal e Christoph Auffarth. O sumaário do livro pode ser visto no site da editora Walter de Gruyter. Os ensaios estão em inglês.

O texto de Israel Finkelstein começa dizendo que:
"Twelve years have passed since I first presented – to the German Institute in Jerusalem – my ideas on the chronology of the Iron Age strata in the Levant and how it impacts on our understanding of the biblical narrative on the United Monarchy of ancient Israel. I was naïve enough then to believe that the logic of my ‘correction’ was straightforward and clear. Twelve years and many articles and public debates later, however, the notion of Davidic conquests, Solomonic building projects, and a glamorous United Monarchy – all based on an uncritical reading of the biblical text and in contradiction of archaeological finds – is still alive in certain quarters. This paper presents my updated views on this matter, and tackles several recent claims that archaeology has now proven the historicity of the biblical account of the great kingdom of David and Solomon".

Leia Mais:
Israel Finkelstein faz palestra no Brasil (veja os links no final do post)
Israel Finkelstein no Observatório Bíblico e na Ayrton's Biblical Page

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