terça-feira, 8 de maio de 2007

Tumba de Herodes: comunicado da Universidade Hebraica

The Hebrew University of Jerusalém Media Relations: 08 May, 2007

Tomb of King Herod discovered at Herodium by Hebrew University archaeologist

The long search for Herod the Great’s tomb has ended with the exposure of the remains of his grave, sarcophagus and mausoleum on Mount Herodium’s northeastern slope, Prof. Ehud Netzer of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Institute of Archaeology announced today (...) The mausoleum itself was almost totally dismantled in ancient times. In its place remained only part of its well built podium, or base, built of large white ashlars (dressed stone) in a manner and size not previously revealed at Herodium. Among the many high quality architectural elements, mostly well decorated, which were spread among the ruins, is a group of decorated urns (made in the form of special jars that were used to store body ashes). Similar ones are to be found on the top of burial monuments in the Nabatean world. The urns had a triangular cover and were decorated on the sides. Spread among the ruins are pieces of a large, unique sarcophagus (close to 2.5 meters long), made of a Jerusalemite reddish limestone, which was decorated by rosettes. The sarcophagus had a triangular cover, which was decorated on its sides. This is assumed with certainty to be the sarcophagus of Herod [sublinhado meu]. Only very few similar sarcophagi are known in the country and can be found only in elaborate tombs such as the famous one at the King’s Tomb on Selah a-Din Street in East Jerusalem. Although no inscriptions have been found yet at Herodium, neither on the sarcophagus nor in the building remains, these still might be found during the continuation of the dig (cont.)

O comunicado à imprensa está também disponível para download em formato .doc. Clique em http://www.huji.ac.il/dovrut/Herod2.doc além de poder ser acessado via RSS. Clique aqui e aqui e veja fotos da descoberta.

Todd Bolen, do blog BiblePlaces, escreveu sobre dez coisas que "você" não sabia sobre o rei Herodes: King Herod: Ten Things You Didn't Know. Pois em A “Pax Romana” chega a Jerusalém, item 11.1 de minha "História de Israel" online, você pode ver bem mais de dez coisas que eu já sabia... E em português. Mas fique de olho nas fotos do BiblePlaces, pois nisto o blog (e o site correspondente) é muito bom!

Ainda estou vendo uma bibliografia sobre Herodes, mas já recomendo:
RICHARDSON, P. Herod: King of the Jews and Friend of the Romans. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996, xxvi + 360 p. ISBN 1570031363.
RICHARDSON, P. Herod: King of the Jews and Friend of the Romans. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1999. ISBN 0800631641 (Paperback Edition)

Resenha na RBL, por Rebecca Gray, da Duke University, Durham, NC, publicada em 1999. Muito elogiosa.

Em português há vários livros - em geral, traduzidos - que tratam da época. Entretanto, que eu saiba, nenhum específico sobre o rei Herodes. Por isso, por enquanto, veja, para séria análise:
KIPPENBERG, H. G. Religião e Formação de Classes na Antiga Judéia: estudo sociorreligioso sobre a relação entre tradição e evolução social. São Paulo: Paulus, 1997, 182 p. ISBN 8505006798 [Há um resumo do livro no Observatório Bíblico. Clique aqui]

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