domingo, 4 de março de 2007

A Tumba de Jesus no SBL Forum

No Forum da SBL (Society of Biblical Literature) Jodi Magness analisa a estória da "Tumba da Família de Jesus" em Talpiot.

Jodi Magness é Professora de Judaísmo Antigo no Departamento de Estudos de Religião da Universidade da Carolina do Norte em Chapel Hill, USA.

O título de seu texto, no qual critica a pretensão dos "descobridores" da tumba de Jesus, é: Has the Tomb of Jesus Been Discovered?

Ela começa seu ensaio dizendo que
In a new documentary film (and related book), director Simcha Jacobovici and producer James Cameron claim to have identified the tomb of Jesus and his family in the Jerusalem suburb of Talpiyot. The tomb itself is not a new discovery; it was excavated in 1980 and published by Amos Kloner, an Israeli archaeologist. What is new is the sensational claim that this is the tomb of Jesus and his family. Although Jacobovici and Cameron are not scholars, their claim is supported by a handful of archaeologists and religious studies specialists. On the other hand, many archaeologists (including Kloner) and scholars of early Judaism and Christianity reject this claim. In this article I explain why the Talpiyot tomb cannot be the tomb of Jesus and his family.

E termina concluindo que
The identification of the Talpiyot tomb as the tomb of Jesus and his family contradicts the canonical Gospel accounts of the death and burial of Jesus and the earliest Christian traditions about Jesus. This claim is also inconsistent with all of the available information — historical and archaeological — about how Jews in the time of Jesus buried their dead, and specifically the evidence we have about poor, non-Judean families like that of Jesus. It is a sensationalistic claim without any scientific basis or support [sublinhado meu].

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