March Biblical Studies Carnival
Trabalho feito por Jacob J. Prahlow em seu blog Pursuing Veritas.
The Assyrian siege of Jerusalem in 701 b.c.e. was a “world event,” both historically and historiographically. The encounter drew together the actions of disparate groups whose fate was bound together by Assyria’s empire: Babylonia, Anatolia, Syria, Egypt and Nubia were all affected by it. Just as importantly, the event formed the kernel for later literary traditions both east and west: in the Hebrew Bible, in Aramaic folklore, and in Greek and Roman sources about the East; in medieval Syriac tales, in Arabic antiquarianism; and even in the cultural politics of nineteenth century c.e. Europe and America. Thus the historical event formed the basis for ongoing and divergent interpretation in multiple cultural forms from antiquity to modernity. This rich material is fertile ground for historical scholarship: the event is not only important for biblicists and Assyriologists, but also for studies in ancient literature, diplomacy, folk tradition, imperialism, cult practice, epidemiology, military intelligence and com munication, class and politics, and the role of language in society. What is more, since the “siege” of Jerusalem also ironically has the distinction of being historically amplified from a non-event (no actual fighting, as such, occurred at Jerusalem), it excites philosophical and theological questions about the importance of “the event” as a historical category. The third campaign of Sennacherib to the west—in general, with specific reference to Judah and Jerusalem—has been well researched in historical and literary terms. However, it has not yet been much investigated from the point of view of historiography or reception history; the appearance of the subject in so many varied literatures is a phenomenon worthy of study. This volume intends to fill these gaps without covering every possible aspect of “Sennacherib studies” [sublinhado meu].The essays herein offer some novel historical approaches, such as psychohistory, mytho-history, and the integration of text, image, and archaeology, and build a bridge between the historical traditions of the ancient and late-antique worlds. The work also attends throughout to how deeply historiographic issues pervade our interpretations of historical events. When, indeed, does “historiography” begin to be relevant to the interrogation of sources we usually think of as “historical?” (...)
The volume comprises three major sections. The first section (“I Will Defend this City to Save It”) mainly concentrates on early sources— biblical, Assyrian and Egyptian texts and archaeological finds in the Land of Israel—concerning the events of 701 b.c.e. The second section (“The Weapon of Aššur”) focuses on the broader Assyrian political and military history forming the background of the campaign. The third section mainly traces the “after life” (Nachleben) of Sennacherib’s campaign as it was interpreted and transformed in the wide range of postbiblical literature, including Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Aramaic and rabbinic literature, New Testament and the early Christian sources.Como o livro é bastante caro, recomendo aos interessados consultar alguns capítulos disponíveis aqui. Procure pelos nomes dos autores.