quarta-feira, 25 de novembro de 2015

Livro de John Day sobre Gênesis 1-11

DAY, J. From Creation to Babel: Studies in Genesis 1-11. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 248 p. - ISBN 9780567664211.

John Day, From Creation to Babel: Studies in Genesis 1-11

The stories of Genesis 1-11 constitute one of the better known parts of the Old Testament, but their precise meaning and background still provide many debated questions for the modern interpreter. In this stimulating, learned and readable collection of essays, which paves the way for his forthcoming ICC commentary on these chapters, John Day attempts to provide definitive solutions to some ofthese questions. Amongst the topics included are the background and interpretation of the seven-day Priestly Creation narrative, problems in the interpretation of the Garden of Eden story, the relation of Cain and the Kenites, the strange stories of the sons of God and daughters of men and of Noah's drunkenness and the curse of Canaan, the precise ancient Near Eastern background of the Flood story and the preceding genealogies, and the meaning and background of the story of the tower and city of Babel. Throughout this volume John Day constantly seeks to determine the original meaning of these stories in the light of their ancient Near Eastern background, and to determine how far this original meaning has been obscured by later interpretation.

Leia The Serpent in the Garden of Eden and its Background, texto que faz parte deste livro, modificado e publicado pelo autor em The Bible and Interpretation em abril de 2015.

John Day é Professor Emérito de Estudos de Antigo Testamento na Universidade de Oxford, Reino Unido.

Jessé Souza tenta explicar o Brasil

Leia, ou veja em vídeo, uma interessante entrevista que aconteceu no Brasilianas.org, da TV Brasil, em 16/11/2015:

Jessé Souza: O desafio de desconstruir os intérpretes do Brasil

O sociólogo Jessé Souza, atual presidente do Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), está lançando um livro, chamado A tolice da inteligência brasileira, que traz argumentos apontando que os grandes intérpretes da sociedade brasileira estiveram durante todo esse tempo errados.

Em Luis Nassif Online - 23/11/2015.

Resenhas na RBL - 16.10.2015

As seguintes resenhas foram recentemente publicadas pela Review of Biblical Literature:

Daniel I. Block
Beyond the River Chebar: Studies in Kingship and Eschatology in the Book of Ezekiel
Reviewed by Corrine Carvalho

Tony Burke
Secret Scriptures Revealed: A New Introduction to the Christian Apocrypha
Reviewed by Julia Snyder

N. Clayton Croy
Prima Scriptura: An Introduction to New Testament Interpretation
Reviewed by Valeriy A. Alikin

Eugen J. Pentiuc
The Old Testament in Eastern Orthodox Tradition
Reviewed by Antonios Finitsis

Mark Reasoner
Roman Imperial Texts: A Sourcebook
Reviewed by Ulrich Busse

Yvonne Sherwood
Biblical Blaspheming: Trials of the Sacred for a Secular Age
Reviewed by Hector Avalos

Christopher R. Seitz and Kent Harold Richards, eds.
The Bible as Christian Scripture: The Work of Brevard S. Childs
Reviewed by Jason A. Bembry
Reviewed by H. F. Van Rooy

Michael E. Stone and Matthias Henze
Fourth Ezra and Second Baruch: Translations, Introductions, and Notes
Reviewed by Johann Cook
Reviewed by Karina Martin Hogan

>> Visite: Review of Biblical Literature Blog

quarta-feira, 18 de novembro de 2015

Livro de John Van Seters sobre o Pentateuco

Mais um clássico reeditado na coleção Cornerstones (= pedras angulares) da Bloomsbury T & T Clark.

VAN SETERS, J. The Pentateuch: A Social-Science Commentary. 2. ed. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 224 p. - ISBN 9780567658791.

John Van Seters, The Pentateuch: A Social-Science Commentary

Diz a editora:

"In this magisterial overview of the Pentateuch John Van Seters reviews the various historical-critical attempts to read it that arise from notions about the social evolution of Israel's religion and culture. Is the Pentateuch an accumulation of folk traditions, a work of ancient historiography, a document legitimizing religious reform? In dialogue with competing views, Van Seters advocates a compositional model that recognizes the social and historical diversity of the literary strata. Van Seters argues that a proto-Pentateuchal author created a comprehensive history from Genesis to Numbers that was written as a prologue to the Deuteronomistic History (Deuteronomy to 2 Kings) in the exilic period and later expanded by a Priestly writer to make it the foundational document of the Jerusalem temple community.

This social-science commentary on the Pentateuch is renowned as one of the most influential volumes on this group of texts. For the new edition Van Seters has revised several sections of the text, updating and integrating new bibliographical items, and refining the text where necessary. A reflective preface summarizes these changes and developments for the reader's convenience".

Livro de Larry W. Hurtado foi reeditado

HURTADO, L. W. One God, One Lord: Early Christian Devotion and Ancient Jewish Monotheism. 3. ed. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 288 p. - ISBN 9780567657718.

Larry W. Hurtado, One God, One Lord

Em seu blog, Larry W. Hurtado escreveu em 19.08.2015:

The major addition to this edition is a 53-page Epilogue, in  which I first explain briefly how the book arose (key influences, etc.), and how it fits into the research program in which it was an early and important step, and then I spend most of the Epilogue underscoring major results argued for in the book and discussing the “Ongoing Debate,” that is, how scholarly discussion has proceeded since the book’s appearance in 1988 (and especially since the 1998 2nd edition).

I can’t claim to have read or referenced everything that may have been published on the broader clutch of topics and questions involved in what is typically called the origins and early development of “Christology.” Instead, I’ve aimed to note and discuss briefly what seem to me important works that more specifically engage the questions and major areas of focus in the book.

terça-feira, 17 de novembro de 2015

Livros de Davies e Lemche sobre História de Israel

Dois clássicos reeditados e um novo.

DAVIES, P. R. In Search of 'Ancient Israel': A Study in Biblical Origins. 2. ed. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 192 p. - ISBN  9780567662972.

Davies, In Search of 'Ancient Israel': A Study in Biblical Origins

DAVIES, P. R. The History of Ancient Israel: A Guide for the Perplexed. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 200 p. - ISBN 9780567655851.

Davies, The History of Ancient Israel: A Guide for the Perplexed

LEMCHE, N. P. Ancient Israel: A New History of Israel. 2. ed. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2015, 296 p. - ISBN 9780567662781.

Lemche,  Ancient Israel: A New History of Israel

Leia artigos dos dois autores sobre os 2 livros reeditados (In Search of 'Ancient Israel' e Ancient Israel: A New History of Israel)  e também sobre o novo (The History of Ancient Israel) em The Bible and Interpretation:

:: A Guide for the Perplexed - Philip R. Davies - November 2015
What makes me a disciple of von Rad is that for me too the stories count for more than the “facts”. I have no commitment to “scripture”, but if I want to understand “ancient Israelites” or any other human groups or individuals from the past, I will do so better by coming to terms with what they thought about the past than what had actually transpired. If, as I think was most often the case, the writers of these biblical stories did not actually know what had happened, then the actual events have a restricted relevance to them: it would have made no difference to these writers whether what they narrated had happened or not.

:: Ancient Israel: A New History of Israel: Thoughts about a reissue - Niels Peter Lemche - November 2015
"In any case, I firmly believe that by the beginning of the twenty-second century, the Minimalists will be remembered and respected as worthy exemplars and forebears of the best current thought" (Sara Mandell).

quarta-feira, 11 de novembro de 2015

Teólogos divulgam carta de apoio a Francisco

Teólogos querem fortalecer apoio ao Papa Francisco contra oposição da Cúria conservadora - Cristina Fontenele -  Adital: 11/11/2015

Em carta aberta de apoio ao Papa Francisco, teólogos/as de todo o mundo se dizem "perplexos” com a oposição de alguns cardeais ao modo de Francisco conduzir o Sínodo e a Igreja. Tais grupos estariam postulando uma volta ao "modelo de Igreja do passado”, em uma espécie de campanha mundial contra o Sumo Pontífice, especialmente dentro da Cúria Romana. O principal objetivo é desestabilizar o modo de ser Papa, "despojado dos símbolos de poder”. Aderiram à carta cerca de 300 pessoas do Brasil, de toda América Latina, Caribe e representantes da Europa, do Canadá e dos Estados Unidos (...)

O texto foi apresentado pelo teólogo brasileiro Leonardo Boff durante o II Congresso Continental de Teologia, realizado de 26 a 30 de outubro, em Belo Horizonte (Estado de Minas Gerais), pela rede Ameríndia. Em entrevista à Adital, Boff explica que 15 dias antes do Congresso ele estava em Roma, onde teve a oportunidade de conversar com o embaixador argentino junto a Santa Sé, muito próximo ao Papa.

Boff teria, então, recebido um pedido pessoal do Papa para apoiá-lo na defesa contra as agressões que estaria sofrendo a partir de duas frentes – internamente, pelas oposições de bispos, da Cúria Romana, inclusive, com difamações; e externamente, por grupos de leigos conservadores, pessoas que o consideram, como os Estados Unidos, um comunista, marxista, porque ele exige transformações na economia, na política, na defesa dos pobres.

"Ele está numa situação altamente crítica e pediu o apoio dos cristãos e das pessoas do mundo inteiro, de boa vontade, interessadas no bem na humanidade, para que deem apoio explícito a ele.”, revela Boff. Segundo o teólogo, o objetivo é lançar a carta nas grandes mídias mundiais, para que do mundo inteiro as pessoas possam subscreverem o documento. O texto já foi traduzido para seis idiomas: português, espanhol, alemão, inglês, francês e italiano.

Leia o texto completo E siga o link para a carta.

Leia Mais:
II Congresso Continental de Teologia

terça-feira, 10 de novembro de 2015

Ayrton's Biblical Page: 16 anos online

Criada em 10 de novembro de 1999, Ayrton's Biblical Page está comemorando hoje 16 anos de existência.

Ayrton's Biblical Page celebrates today 16 years online.

sábado, 7 de novembro de 2015

Sítios arqueológicos do ANE no Google Earth

Veja ANE Placemarks for Google Earth.

ANE.kmz works with Google Earth, which has to be downloaded. When opened inside Google Earth, ANE.kmz gives, to the left, an alphabetic list of ancient sites and, to the right, on the satellite photo the same sites marked. For the moment, there are some 2500 sites with modern names; among them some 400 have ancient names. Additions of more sites are planned.

Israel Finkelstein fala sobre as origens de Israel

Demorei para ver, mas quando Israel Finkelstein esteve no Brasil, em outubro de 2015, ele deu uma entrevista para Reinaldo José Lopes, que a publicou na Folha de S. Paulo em 19/10/2015.


Mudanças ambientais podem explicar o surgimento do povo israelita

Amostras de pólen obtidas no leito do mar da Galileia e do mar Morto podem ser a pista que faltava para explicar como surgiu o povo israelita, cuja religião deu origem ao judaísmo e ao cristianismo.

Segundo pesquisadores israelenses, os dados sugerem que, a partir de 1250 a.C., várias ondas prolongadas de seca devastaram a Terra Santa ao longo de um século e meio, fazendo com que bandos de refugiados fundassem novas comunidades na zona montanhosa da região. Esses novos vilarejos acabariam levando à formação dos antigos reinos de Israel e Judá.

Um dos que propõem essa tese é o arqueólogo Israel Finkelstein, da Universidade de Tel Aviv. O trabalho dele tem ajudado a repensar a relação entre os relatos da Bíblia, de um lado, e os dados históricos e arqueológicos, de outro.

Finkelstein conversou com a Folha durante sua visita ao Brasil na primeira semana de outubro, quando participou de conferências organizadas pela Universidade Metodista de São Paulo e pela Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa Bíblica.

Leia Mais:
Israel Finkelstein: uso três importantes chapéus

segunda-feira, 2 de novembro de 2015

Estudo de Roland Boer sobre a economia do antigo Israel

Um elogiado estudo sobre a economia do antigo Israel. Parece ser algo denso e sólido. E que deve ir muito além dos costumeiros estudos na área.

BOER, R. The Sacred Economy of Ancient Israel. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2015, 570 p. - ISBN 9780664259662.

Roland Boer, The Sacred Economy of Ancient Israel

Diz a editora:

The Sacred Economy of Ancient Israel offers a new reconstruction of the economic context of the Bible and of ancient Israel. It argues that the key to ancient economies is with those who worked on the land rather than in intermittent and relatively weak kingdoms and empires. Drawing on sophisticated economic theory (especially the Régulation School) and textual and archaeological resources, Roland Boer makes it clear that economic "crisis" was the norm and that economics is always socially determined. He examines three economic layers: the building blocks (five institutional forms: subsistence survival, kinship-household, patronage, estates, and tribute-exchange), periods of relative stability (three regimes: the subsistence regime, the palatine regime, and the regime of plunder), and the overarching mode of production. Ultimately, the most resilient of all the regimes was subsistence survival, for which the regular collapse of kingdoms and empires was a blessing rather than a curse. Students will come away with a clear understanding of the dynamics of the economy of ancient Israel. Boer's volume should become a new benchmark for future studies.

A economia sagrada do antigo Israel oferece uma nova reconstrução do contexto econômico da Bíblia e do antigo Israel. O estudo argumenta que a chave para as economias antigas está com aqueles que trabalhavam a terra e não em reinos e impérios intermitentes e relativamente fracos. Com base em sofisticada teoria econômica (especialmente a escola da regulação, em francês: l'école de la régulation) e recursos textuais e arqueológicos, Roland Boer deixa claro que a "crise"  econômica era a norma e que a economia é sempre socialmente determinada. Ele examina três camadas econômicas ou blocos de construção (cinco formas institucionais: economia de subsistência, parentesco, clientelismo, propriedades e troca de tributo), períodos de relativa estabilidade (três regimes: o regime de subsistência, o regime palatino e o regime de pilhagem), e o abrangente modo de produção. Em última análise, o mais resistente de todos os regimes era a economia de subsistência, para a qual o colapso regular de reinos e impérios era uma bênção e não uma maldição. Os leitores vão obter deste estudo uma compreensão clara da dinâmica da economia do antigo Israel. O volume de Boer deve tornar-se um novo ponto de referência para estudos futuros.

O autor usa, principalmente, três pilares teóricos: a escola da regulação francesa, as pesquisas marxistas da era soviética e os estudos de Mario Liverani.



Introduction: On Economics and the Ancient World

Chapter 1: The Question of Theory

Chapter 2: Of Bread, Beer, and Four-Legged Friends

Chapter 3: Clans, Households, and Patrons

Chapter 4: Feeding the Nonproducers, or, (E)states

Chapter 5: The Many Faces of Plunder, or, Tribute-Exchange

Chapter 6: Spiral of Crises

Conclusion: A Subsistence Regime for Today?




Na página da editora, vejo muitos elogios ao estudo de Roland Boer, como:

"This is a remarkable book. It is a brilliant analysis of ancient Israel in its broader historical context. Boer has a more profound and extensive knowledge of the ancient economy than any other scholar working on the ancient world...". - Richard A. Horsley, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Liberal Arts and the Study of Religion, University of Massachusetts.

"Marxism as a practical political ideology may have lost its momentum, but Marxism as an analytical method has not. Rather, this method is very precise and produces surprising results. Roland Boer's study is a fine example of what can be achieved by a consequent use of this method. Boer distinguishes between two societal systems in the ancient Near East: the subsistence survival strategy in its various forms and extractive regimes such as states. Thus he has authored a highly readable new kind of book about the society of ancient Israel and its economic forces". - Niels Peter Lemche, Professor Emeritus, Department of Biblical Exegesis, University of Copenhagen.

"Boer's growing corpus of critical work has not received nearly the attention that it merits. With this book Boer establishes himself as a front-line critical scholar whose work will be an inescapable reference point for future work. This courageous book is nothing short of a tour de force in which Boer probes the economic organization, structure, practice, and resources of the Near East and ancient Israel as a sub-set of that culture. (...) It is impossible to overstate the importance of this book and the sheer erudition that has made it possible. Boer's patient attention to detail, his mastery of a huge critical literature, and the daring of his interpretive capacity combine to make this book a 'must' for any who want to probe the economic sub-structure of biblical faith and the culture that was its environment". - Walter Brueggemann, William Marcellus McPheeters Professor Emeritus of Old Testament, Columbia Theological Seminary.

Roland Boer is Professor of Literary Theory at Renmin (People's) University of China, Beijing, and Research Professor in Religious Thought at the University of Newcastle, Australia.

Leia mais aqui e aqui